It is important during the research process that researchers,
when they use data from agency records, be mindful of potential
reliability and validity problems. "Follow the paper trail" and
"Expect the expected" are two general principles researchers should
use to guide them when using agency records in their research.
Following the paper trail and expecting the expected are both
actions that involve not only examining the data collected but also
how it was collected. Having a good appreciation of how agency
records are produced is the best way to avoid reliability and
validity problems. Such problems can include clerical errors and
changes in data collection procedures, social production of data
(such as decisions by criminal justice personnel), agency data that
are not designed for research (collected because the law requires
it), tracking people rather than patterns (operational level,
officials generally more interested in keeping track of individual
cases than in examining patterns), and increases in error due to
volume (the potential for clerical errors increases as the number
of clerical entries increases).
For this discussion, select
a current criminal justice or crime-related topic in your
professional area of interest that has been the focus of news
Create a 1 page essay in APA format according to
the instructions above. Use 2 scholarly sources for references. Be
sure to utilize in-text citations.
Create a 1 page essay in APA format according to the instructions above. Use 2 scholarly sources for references. Be sure to utilize in-text citations.
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